Jacket manufacturers use many conditions to describe their products. The conditions are not always steady and it can help to have a reference guide. makeyourowntshirt.
Here i will discuss the official Green Guy T-Shirts Guide to understanding t-shirt terms:
20s, 20/1, 20s single: Unit of measurement that defines the fineness of cotton bond. A standard spool of single-ply cotton thread is comprised of 840 meters of cotton thread. If this takes 20 spools to weigh one pound, then this thread on those spools is referred to as 20s cotton, or 20/1. If 30 spools consider one pound, then your line on those spools is referred to as 30s cotton thread, or 30/1. If it takes forty spools to weigh one pound, then the line on those spools is known as 40s cotton, or 40/1. The higher number means a finer thread, and so a finer, softer textile is done. T-shirts made of 30s and 40s are softer, finer, and have better drape than tee shirts made of 20s. The conditions are being used many ways, but it is the amount that counts; “20s, inch “20/1, ” and “20 singles” are the same. Threads can be garbled together into thicker hair strands. If two 20/1 silk cotton threads were twisted collectively, it will be referred to as 20/2.
Bamboo Fabric: Bamboo made from bamboo cellulose. Although rayon is a man-made synthetic material, most experts agree it is readily biodegradable. Bamboo cloth is extremely soft and has excellent drape.
Bamboo bedding and sheets: Fast growing plant, grouped as a grass, that can be readily processed into bamboo to make bamboo bamboo clothing.
Bleach Wash: A process that uses antibiotics to soften and relax the look of the information being washed.
Boat Guitar neck: A very wide neckline that runs across the collarbone area to the shoulder points. Derives from early sailors’ shirts, where the wide neck empowered quick removal if the sailor fell overboard.
Son Beater: Women’s fashion answer to the wife beater. A women’s tank top, although it can be any color.
Brushed Silk cotton: A strategy to remove excess tiny particles in the air and fibers from silk cotton fabric. Brushed cotton usually has a very gentle, smooth finish.
Burn-Out: A process that uses sulfuric acid or other strong acid to “burn-out” parts of a fabric made, usually a polyester/cotton mix. The procedure gives a transparent, very sheer effect.
Hat Sleeves: Usually refers to shorter sleeves on could garments.
Carbon Dioxide: CARBON. A chemical compound consisting of two oxygen atoms and one carbon atom. Known as the “greenhouse” gas because of its relationship with global warming. A few shirt manufacturers are now computing and recording the CARBON emissions involved in developing their shirts.
Carbon Organization: Independent organization founded in 2001 in the uk that monitors carbon exhausts. The Carbon Trust works together with companies to help reduce their carbon footprint, and now certifies companies and products as using a “low carbon” or “no carbon” footprint. A few tee shirt, jersey companies now manufacture “low carbon footprint” t-shirts.
Carding: A fiber cleaning process that eliminates short materials and removes dirt and foreign matter. Carding can be achieved by hand or by large machines using carol rollers. Carded-only cotton is much less desirable as combed cotton.