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For those in community or open public health, the issues on this page will be nothing new-but as busy professionals yourself, we often find it helpful to be told of the basic property of our chosen areas. It’s so easy in our hectic-and very important-drive to complete work responsibilities that we lose view of those core beliefs that we strive.
Right now there are a growing amount of evidence-based interventions to be used by community and public well-being professionals to promote health and prevent disease. [Leeman, Calancie, et ing: 2015] These procedures have the potential to further improve environments, behaviors, and health outcomes in our areas. To be able to adopt these practices, yet , public health agencies and community partners often need additional tools, strategies, and training to enhance their capacity to improve health outcomes.
The most effective prevention strategies actively participate the communities they are intended to serve. Powerful health promotion and health-enhancing social change require neighborhoods to identify, plan, route resources, and take action. The notion that a community is the answer to their own problems is not new. There is significant support for designing community-based interventions to increase the health behaviors and overall health status of community people. According to Sotomayor, Pawlik, and Dominguez in the journal Preventing Chronic Disease, “These community-based interventions are important because health disparities and the high rate of chronic diseases in minority populations, particularly among those who are poor and lack access to community resources, are not likely to be averted without them. ” [Sotomayor, Pawlik, and Dominguez: 2007]
The U. T. Office of Disease Reduction and Health Promotion’s Healthy and balanced People 2020 strives to
Identify nationwide health improvement priorities.
Increase public consciousness and understanding of the determinants of health, disease, and disability and the opportunities for progress.
Give measurable objectives and goals that can be applied at the national, Condition, and local levels.
Participate multiple sectors to take actions to boost policies and improve practices that are driven by the best available evidence and knowledge.
Identify critical research, analysis, and data collection needs.
Many health prevention and promotion consultants stress the value that local leaders play in building community health. The Healthy People 2020 toolkit Identifying & Participating Community Partners, answers the question “How Do you really Establish Meaningful Citizen Participation? inches in this way:
Electricity to make decisions and affect results
Citizen motivated; from the city up, not top down
Aggressive, not reactive
Encourages and facilitates broad community engagement
Inclusive, not exclusive; accessible to all
Balanced rendering in the participation process; not merely major “partners”
Consensus-oriented decision making Compromise; give and take
Opportunities for involvement in all levels of activity, including creating a vision, planning, putting first, deciding, evaluating [ODPHP: 2010]